>Since 1995

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Glossary

  • ACCESS PROVIDER An access provider is any organization that arranges for an individual or an organization to have access to the Internet.

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  • ACD (Automatic Call Distributor) is a telephone facility that manages incoming calls and handles them based on the number called and an associated database of handling instructions. ACDs often provide some form of Automatic Customer/Caller Identification (ACIS) such as that provided by Direct Inward Dialing (DID), Dialed Number Identification Service (DNIS), or Automatic Number Identification (ANI).

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  • ACROBAT is a program from Adobe that lets you capture a document and then view it in its original format and appearance. Acrobat is ideal for making documents or brochures that were designed for the print medium viewable electronically and capable of being shared with others on the Internet. To view an Acrobat document, which is called a Portable Document Format (PDF) file, you need Acrobat Reader. The Reader is free and can be downloaded from Adobe (http://www.adobe.com).

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  • ANI (Automatic Number Identification) is a service that provides the receiver of a telephone call with the number of the calling phone.

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  • ANONYMOUS FTP is an Internet's File Transfer Protocol (FTP), anonymous FTP is a method for giving users access to files so that they don't need to identify themselves to the server. Using an FTP program or the FTP command interface, the user enters "anonymous" as a user ID. Usually, the password is defaulted or furnished by the FTP server. Anonymous FTP is a common way to get access to a server in order to view or download files that are publicly available.

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  • APPLIANCE or "network appliance" is a term used to denote a relatively low-cost PC designed for Internet access and specialized business use, but without the capabilities of a fully-equipped PC.

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  • ASP, Active Server Page is an application service provider is a company that offers individuals or enterprises access over the Internet to applications and related services that would otherwise have to be located in their own personal or enterprise computers.

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  • ARIN The American Registry of Internet Numbers is the organization in the U.S. that manages IP address numbers for the U.S. and assigned territories. Because Internet addresses must be unique and because address space on the Internet is limited, there is a need for some organization to control and allocate address number blocks. IP number management was formerly a responsibility of the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA), which contracted with Network Solutions Inc. for the actual services. In December 1997, IANA turned this responsibility over to ARIN, which, along with Reseaux IP Europeens (RIPE) and Asia Pacific Network Information Center (APNIC), now manages the world's Internet address assignment and allocation. domain name management is still the separate responsibility of Network Solutions and a number of other registrars accredited by the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN).

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  • ATM Asynchronous Transfer Mode is a dedicated-connection switching technology that organizes digital data into 53-byte cell units and transmits them over a physical medium using digital signal technology. Individually, a cell is processed asynchronously relative to other related cells and is queued before being multiplexed over the transmission path.

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